The city of Trier is situated in the Rhineland-Palatinate region of western Germany and lies on the banks of the river Moselle near to Germany’s border with Luxembourg. Trier has a particularly long and eventful history which dates back well over 2,000 years. The region’s architecture can be dated from as far as the Roman Empire, with the remains of several Roman structures still situated throughout the city. The sights and sounds of Trier are diverse and fascinating, ranging from historic architecture and cultural exhibitions to impressive monuments and tranquil green spaces. The city’s illustrious history has moulded the region to create a unique character that encompasses the charming nature of the Trier and its inhabitants.
Trier’s Roman heritage is apparent throughout the city, with tremendous monuments and Roman ruins standing proudly in several locations. Visitors can start their tour of the city’s historic Roman structures at the Porta Nigra, as parts of the building date back to around 180AD, as the Roman mason’s marks and date inscriptions are still visible. The colossal Roman Imperial Throne Room, also known as the Basilika, is the largest existing single-room construction from the Roman era. The Romans would design their architecture to represent the power and authority of the emperor and this is reflected in the size and scale. Located just outside the city centre is the ancient Roman amphitheatre, which dates back to the second century when it was used for horrific blood sports and gladiator battles. Other significant Roman structures in Trier include the Imperial Forum and Barbara Baths as well as the old Roman Bridge, parts of which date back to 144AD, making it the oldest bridge in Germany.
The city is also home to a collection of impressive churches and palaces alongside fascinating museums and idyllic leafy escapes. Some of Trier’s magnificent structures include the Electoral Palace, House of the Three Magi, Church of Our Lady and the Trier Cathedral. The city’s cathedral sits above what was once an ancient Roman palace during the time of Constantine the Great but was replaced in the 4th century by the Christian church. The original Roman structure still remains in the Cathedral’s central section, making it an enduring site with visitors.
Trier’s many parks, gardens and green spaces are all tranquil places in which to relax and enjoy the beautiful surroundings but particularly elegant and attractive spots to unwind include the Palace Garden, the Mosselle Embankment and the Trier Wine Culture Trail.
Trier is well known for its traditional food and drink, especially the beers and wines produced locally, which include Viez apple wine. Make sure to sample some of this delicous tipple whilst in the city alongside some authentic German sausage, often served in the local Kartoffelskiste, or Potato House.
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